Data recovery software

Top Data Recovery Software for Recovering Lost Files

Losing important files due to accidental deletion, formatting, virus attacks, or hardware failure can be a nightmare. However, data recovery software can retrieve lost or deleted data from various storage devices. This comprehensive guide will explore the world of data recovery software, its types, features, top tools, and best practices for effective data recovery.

How Does Software for Data Recovery Operate?

Data recovery software finds and recovers data from storage devices by restoring deleted or lost files from these traces. Data is not instantaneously removed from storage media, even when files are removed or a drive is formatted. You can recover lost files using data recovery software, which uses sophisticated algorithms to find and extract the remaining data.

Types of Data Recovery Software:

Undelete Software: 

The purpose of this kind of software is to retrieve data from storage devices like memory cards, USB drives, and hard disks that have been inadvertently erased. It looks for deleted file remnants on the storage device and returns them to either their original or another location.

Partition Recovery Software: 

When a partition on a storage device becomes lost, deleted, or corrupted, partition recovery software comes to the rescue. It specializes in identifying and repairing partition issues, allowing users to restore access to lost data stored within the affected partitions.

RAW Recovery Software: 

RAW recovery software is indispensable when dealing with severely damaged or corrupted storage devices. It specializes in recovering data from RAW or unformatted drives, which may result from physical damage, logical errors, or file system corruption. By bypassing the file system and scanning for raw data patterns, this software can salvage data that would otherwise be inaccessible.

Photo Recovery Software: 

This specialized software only focuses on recovering deleted or lost digital photos and videos from various storage media, including hard drives, memory cards, and cameras. It uses complex algorithms to locate and retrieve image and video files, even damaged or destroyed ones.

Important Qualities of Data Recovery Software to Consider:

Preview Function: 

Enables previewing of recovered files before saving, ensuring retrieval of the correct data and avoiding unnecessary clutter.

Deep Scan: 

Conducts a comprehensive scan of the storage device, identifying residual data patterns and enhancing the likelihood of successful recovery, even from deeply buried or damaged files.

Supported File Systems: 

Compatibility with various file systems, such as NTFS, FAT, exFAT, and HFS+, ensures broad coverage and the ability to recover data from different types of storage media.

User-friendly Interface: 

An easy-to-use interface simplifies the recovery process and makes it accessible to users of all skill levels, including beginners who may not be familiar with complex technical terms or procedures.

Top Data Recovery Software Tools:

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard:

Renowned for its easy-to-use UI and strong recovery capabilities.

Provides options for both quick and deep scans to effectively recover deleted data.

Allows recovery from various storage media, including memory cards, USB drives, SSDs, and hard disks.

Permits recovering files to be viewed before the recovery process is carried out.

Compatible with Mac and Windows operating systems.

Stellar Data Recovery:

Offers thorough data recovery options for various file formats and storage media.

Provides sophisticated scanning methods for data recovery from corrupted, formatted, or unreadable disks.

Supports optical media, including CDs and DVDs, and RAID array recovery.

It has a UI that is easy to use and adjustable scanning options.

Compatible with Linux, Mac, and Windows computers.


Cleaner’s Recuva is a popular and lightweight data recovery tool.

Enables quick and deep scan modes to recover erased files from various storage devices.

It includes a safe overwrite function for erasing private files.

It has an easy-to-use UI that is suitable for novices.

Suitable with Windows-based operating systems.

Disk Drill:

She is known for its robust data recovery capabilities and additional disk management features.

Offers advanced scanning algorithms to recover lost partitions and deleted files.

Provides real-time scanning and protection features to prevent data loss in the future.

Includes a wide range of disk tools for disk cleanup, duplicate finding, and disk health monitoring.

Compatible with Windows and Mac operating systems.

MiniTool Power Data Recovery:

Offers a variety of data recovery options to help recover lost or deleted files.

It permits recovery from various storage devices, including hard drives, USB drives, SD cards, and SSDs.

Has a simple UI with options for step-by-step recuperation.

Allows users to view recoverable files before restoring them using the preview feature.

Suitable with Windows-based operating systems.

Tips for Using Data Recovery Software Effectively:

Take Quick Action:

When it comes to data recovery, time is of the essence. The likelihood of overwritten data sectors increases with time, decreasing the likelihood of a successful recovery. To increase the likelihood of recovering your files, start the recovery process as soon as you become aware of data loss.

Stop Using the Storage Device:

After data loss, the storage device may further overwrite the deleted files, rendering them unrecoverable. Stop using the device immediately to prevent more data loss, and wait to save or edit any new data until the recovery process is finished.

Create Disk Images:

Before attempting recovery, creating a disk image or clone of the affected storage device is advisable. This preserves the device’s current state and provides a safety net if the recovery process causes further damage. Disk imaging ensures you can revert to the original state without risking permanent data loss.

Follow Instructions Carefully:

Data recovery software frequently provides step-by-step instructions for the recovery procedure. Carefully reading and following these instructions is imperative to prevent unintentional data loss or storage device damage. Following the instructions provided by the software guarantees a seamless and effective recovery process while lowering the possibility of additional issues.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Using Data Recovery Software:

Recovering Data to the Same Drive:

If you attempt to recover data, you risk overwriting existing data on the same drive, which could result in irreversible data loss. Always recover data to an alternate location or storage device to avoid making this error and prevent additional harm to the original data.

Interrupting the Recovery Process:

You intentionally or accidentally interrupt the data recovery process, which can result in data corruption or incomplete recovery. Allowing the software to complete the recovery process without interruption is crucial to ensure the best chance of retrieving your lost files successfully.

Using Unreliable or Outdated Software:

Using outdated or unreliable data recovery software can make the procedure less successful and cause further data loss. It is crucial to select trustworthy, current software well-known for its dependability and efficiency in restoring lost or erased files. Your research and choice of software might greatly impact the results of your data recovery efforts.

Data Recovery Software for Different Operating Systems: 


EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard

User-friendly software for recovering lost files on Windows PCs.

Stellar Data Recovery

Comprehensive tool to recover lost or deleted data from Windows-based storage devices.


Lightweight software for recovering accidentally deleted files on Windows computers.

Disk Drill

Advanced data recovery software with additional disk management features for Windows users.

MiniTool Power Data Recovery: 

All-in-one recovery solution for Windows users, supporting various file types and storage devices.


EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard for Mac: 

Mac version of EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard for seamless file recovery on macOS.

Stellar Data Recovery for Mac: 

Powerful software to retrieve lost data from Mac-based storage devices.

Disk Drill for Mac: 

Feature-rich data recovery tool with real-time scanning and protection features for macOS.

MiniTool Power Data Recovery for Mac: 

Mac-compatible version of MiniTool Power Data Recovery for recovering lost files on macOS.

Data Rescue: 

Advanced data recovery software specifically designed for Mac users, offering deep scanning and recovery options.



Command-line utility for recovering lost partitions and making non-booting disks bootable on Linux systems.


Software for file data recovery is intended to retrieve deleted photos from digital camera memory and lost documents, videos, and archives from hard drives, CD-ROMs, and other storage devices.


 A Linux operating system utility for recovering deleted files from the ext3/ext4 file systems.


File system-independent recovery tool for Linux used for data recovery.


Foremost is a forensic data recovery tool for Linux that uses deleted files’ headers, footers, and data structures.

Data Recovery Software for Different Storage Devices

Hard Disk Drives (HDDs):

Data recovery software for HDDs is designed to recover lost or deleted files from traditional spinning hard drives. These software tools employ advanced algorithms to scan the drive’s sectors and retrieve data even from damaged or corrupted areas.

Solid-State Drives (SSDs):

Data recovery software for SSDs is specialized in recovering data from solid-state drives, which use flash memory instead of spinning disks. These tools can retrieve lost files from SSDs despite their different data storage architecture compared to HDDs.

External Hard Drives:

External hard drives often store important data backups or additional files. Data recovery software for external hard drives is tailored to handle recovery tasks for these devices, offering seamless recovery of lost or deleted files regardless of the external drive’s make or model.

USB Drives:

USB drives, often known as flash drives or thumb drives, are common portable storage devices. Software for recovering data from USB drives is designed to recover data from these devices, including accidentally deleted files, formatted drives, and corrupted data.

Memory Cards:

Digital cameras, smartphones, and other devices frequently use memory cards to store images, movies, and other data types. Retrieving lost or erased files from memory cards requires data recovery software, which provides dependable recovery options for different memory card kinds.

RAID Arrays:

RAID arrays combine multiple drives into a single logical unit for enhanced performance, redundancy, or both. Data recovery software for RAID arrays specializes in recovering data from these complex storage setups, offering solutions for RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 6, and other RAID configurations. These tools can handle data recovery tasks for hardware and software RAID arrays, ensuring minimal downtime and data loss in case of RAID failures.

Data Recovery Scenarios

Accidental Deletion:

Data recovery software can retrieve files accidentally deleted from storage devices. Even after deletion, the data may be recoverable until new data is overwritten.


All of the data on a storage device is deleted during formatting. However, data recovery tools may frequently retrieve content from formatted devices by looking for lingering data patterns.

Virus Attacks:

Viruses and malware can corrupt or delete files on a storage device. Data recovery software can help recover files affected by virus attacks, restoring them to their original state.

Hardware Failure:

Hardware failures, such as a malfunctioning hard drive or SSD, can lead to data loss. Depending on the extent of the damage, data recovery software can attempt to recover data from the failed hardware.

Logical Errors:

Data loss can occur from logical flaws, such as software bugs or faulty file systems. Data recovery software can fix these problems and restore lost data by erasing or restoring the damaged sections.

Physical Damage:

Data recovery may become more challenging if a storage device has physical damage—such as a broken hard drive or damaged memory card. However, depending on the extent of the damage, data recovery software may still be able to recover all or a portion of the data.

Free vs. Paid Data Recovery Software

Free Data Recovery Software:



Free data recovery software doesn’t require any upfront payment, making it accessible to users with limited budgets.

Basic Recovery: 

Many free data recovery tools offer basic features to help retrieve accidentally deleted files or recover data from formatted drives.

Ease of Use: 

Free data recovery software often comes with simple interfaces, making it easy for users with minimal technical knowledge.


Limited Features: 

Free data recovery software may need more advanced features and capabilities than its paid counterparts.

Restricted Recovery Options: 

Some free tools may limit the amount of data that can be recovered or the types of storage devices supported.

Potential Risks: 

Free software may come bundled with ads, sponsored content, or additional software, potentially compromising user privacy and security.

Paid Data Recovery Software:

Pricing and Licensing Models:


Certain software for paid data recovery is available by subscription, requiring users to pay a certain amount each month to use the program and any upgrades.

One-time Purchase: 

Some commercial data recovery programs charge a one-time fee for a lifetime license, giving customers unrestricted access to the program and its capabilities.

Tiered Pricing: 

Users can choose from a range of pricing tiers that differ in terms of the features and capabilities of premium data recovery software to choose a plan that best fits their needs and budget.

Advanced-Data Recovery Techniques

Disk Imaging and Cloning:

Disk imaging is the process of replicating a storage device with all its information and architecture. This method allows data recovery procedures to be carried out while maintaining the drive’s original condition and preventing additional harm to the original data. Conversely, cloning entails copying a disk’s whole contents to another drive; it is frequently used for backup or data migration.

Recovering Data from Damaged or Corrupted Drives:

Advanced data recovery techniques retrieve data from defective or damaged disks. This can mean repairing the drive’s file system, recovering data directly from the drive’s unprocessed data sectors, or restoring the drive’s logical structure. Disk error repair and component replacement are techniques and specialized tools that can be used to recover data from physically damaged disks.

RAID Data Recovery:

Recovering data from failed or lost RAID arrays is called RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) data recovery. This could entail fixing broken RAID settings, rebuilding failing RAID arrays, or recovering data from redundant disks. Advanced RAID data recovery techniques are required to manage intricate RAID configurations and guarantee data integrity throughout the recovery process.

Data Recovery Success Rates

Data Recovery Success Rates:

Success rates for data recovery can vary based on several variables, including the kind and degree of data loss, the caliber of the program or service utilized for data recovery, and the state of the storage device.

Data recovery success rates are generally high for common data loss scenarios like formatting or accidental deletion, frequently surpassing 90%.

Success rates may be lower, and recovery efforts may be more difficult in complicated data loss scenarios involving physical damage to the storage device or serious data corruption.

Factors Affecting Success Rates:

Type of Data Loss: 

The nature and extent of data loss greatly impact the success rate of recovery efforts. Simple data loss scenarios like accidental deletion or formatting generally have higher success rates than complex data loss situations involving physical damage or severe corruption.

Quality of Data Recovery Software or Service: 

The effectiveness and reliability of the data recovery software or service used significantly affect success rates. High-quality software or services with advanced algorithms and techniques tend to have higher success rates than less reliable options.

Condition of the Storage Device:

The condition of the storage device plays a crucial role in data recovery success. If the storage device is physically damaged, recovery may be more challenging, and success rates may be lower. Likewise, severe data corruption or overwrite scenarios can also impact success rates.

Time and Resources: 

The time and resources invested in data recovery can also influence success rates. Prompt action, thorough analysis, and appropriate tools and techniques can improve the likelihood of successful recovery.

Realistic Expectations for Data Recovery:

Even though data recovery technology has advanced greatly, it’s crucial to have reasonable expectations about the results of your efforts.

Data can be effectively retrieved in many circumstances, especially in common data loss scenarios like formatting or accidental deletion.

However, success cannot be assured, and recovery efforts might be more difficult in more complicated data loss scenarios involving physical damage or serious corruption.

Setting reasonable expectations based on the data loss’s particulars and determining the recovery’s viability requires speaking with experts in data recovery or using reliable data recovery software.

Data Recovery Services

Professional Data Recovery Services:

Expert data recovery services focus on restoring deleted or unreadable data from various storage media, such as USB drives, memory cards, RAID arrays, SSDs, and hard drives.

These services use sophisticated equipment, highly skilled personnel, and unique methods to recover data from various data loss situations, such as severe data corruption, logical errors, and physical damage.

Strict data security and confidentiality guidelines are followed by reputable data recovery businesses to guarantee the integrity and privacy of recovered data.

They provide various services, such as diagnostic analyses, assessments of data recovery, and customized data recovery plans to meet each customer’s unique requirements and conditions.

When to Consider Professional Help:

Physical Damage to the Storage Device: 

It is advisable to seek expert data recovery services if the storage device has had physical damage, such as a failed hard drive, damaged SSD, or water damage. On physically damaged devices, attempting a do-it-yourself recovery can worsen the damage and lower the likelihood of a successful recovery.

Severe Data Corruption: 

Professional data recovery services may be necessary if the data loss is due to severe data corruption, such as a corrupted file system, overwritten data, or software-related issues. These services have the expertise and tools to address complex data corruption issues and recover data from heavily damaged or inaccessible storage devices.

RAID Failures: 

In RAID failures, such as a failed RAID array or lost data due to RAID controller issues, professional data recovery services with expertise in RAID data recovery are essential. These services can rebuild failed RAID arrays, reconstruct data from redundant disks, and recover data from various RAID configurations.

Critical Data Loss: 

When critical or irreplaceable data, such as business documents, financial records, or personal photos and videos, is lost, professional data recovery services are recommended. These services prioritize the recovery of valuable data and employ specialized techniques to maximize the chances of successful recovery.

Failed DIY Recovery Attempts: 

Immediately seek expert assistance if DIY data recovery methods have failed or caused additional data loss. If you get help from professionals, your condition can improve, and it’s less likely that you’ll get well enough to need expert help.

Data Recovery and Cybersecurity Considerations

Data Privacy and Security Risks:

Accessing and managing sensitive data is necessary for data recovery procedures, and improper management can risk data security and privacy.

Hazards encompass unapproved entry to retrieved data, private or proprietary data disclosure, and possible violations of privacy laws like HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) or GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation).

Additional hazards encompass data interception during transmission, data leaking via insecure networks and unapproved utilization of recovered data for evil intent.

Best Practices for Secure Data Recovery:


Encryption techniques should be utilized to protect recovered data both during transmission and storage. Encrypting recovered data ensures it remains inaccessible to unauthorized parties even if intercepted.

Secure Transmission Channels: 

Ensure that data recovery processes involve secure transmission channels, such as encrypted connections (e.g., SSL/TLS) or secure file transfer protocols (e.g., SFTP, SCP), to prevent interception or tampering of recovered data during transmission.

Access Control: 

Enforce stringent access controls and authentication procedures to grant authorized workers exclusive access to retrieved data. Employ multi-factor authentication (MFA) and role-based access control (RBAC) to guarantee authorized personnel can access and handle recovered data.

Data Anonymization: 

Where possible, anonymize or pseudonymize recovered data to remove personally identifiable information (PII) and reduce the risk of privacy breaches. Data anonymization techniques include data masking, tokenization, and generalization.

Data Integrity Checks: 

Perform data integrity checks during the recovery process to verify the authenticity and integrity of recovered data. Compare recovered data against known checksums or cryptographic hashes to detect unauthorized modifications or tampering.

Compliance with Regulations: 

Ensure compliance with relevant data privacy regulations and standards (e.g., GDPR, HIPAA) throughout the data recovery process. Adhere to data protection principles such as data minimization, purpose limitation, and accountability to safeguard the privacy and security of recovered data.

Vendor Assessment: 

When using outside data recovery services, thoroughly assess vendors to determine their security protocols, industry certifications, and level of compliance. Select trustworthy suppliers with a track record of managing data securely and according to privacy laws.

Data Recovery Software for Businesses and Enterprises

Enterprise-Grade Data Recovery Solutions:

Enterprise-grade data recovery solutions are designed to meet businesses’ and large organizations’ robust data recovery needs.

These solutions offer advanced features and capabilities tailored to handle large volumes of data, complex IT environments, and stringent security requirements.

Enterprise-grade data recovery software typically provides centralized management, scalability, high availability, and integration with existing enterprise systems and workflows.

These solutions may include data deduplication, encryption, data lifecycle management, and virtualized and cloud environment support.

Importance of Data Recovery in Business Continuity Planning:

Data recovery plays a critical role in business continuity planning by ensuring organizations can recover from data loss incidents and maintain operations during disruptions.

In today’s digital landscape, data is one of the most valuable assets for businesses, encompassing customer information, financial records, intellectual property, and operational data.

Incidents involving data loss, whether caused by hardware malfunctions, cyberattacks, human mistakes, or natural disasters, can seriously impact a company’s reputation, finances, and ability to comply with regulations.

Incorporating data recovery into business continuity planning helps organizations mitigate the impact of data loss incidents by implementing strategies and solutions to recover lost data quickly and minimize downtime.

Data recovery solutions should be part of a comprehensive business continuity plan that includes proactive measures such as data backups, disaster recovery planning, risk assessments, and regular testing and validation of recovery procedures.

Organizations can enhance their resilience to data loss incidents by prioritizing data recovery in business continuity planning, safeguarding critical business operations, and maintaining customer trust and confidence.


Can data recovery software retrieve files deleted a long time ago?

Data recovery software can often retrieve files deleted long ago, as long as new data have not overwritten the storage space they occupied. Even files deleted months or years ago may still be recoverable if the storage device has not been extensively used since then.

Is it possible to recover data from a physically damaged storage device using data recovery software?

Depending on the type and extent of the damage, data recovery software can recover some data from physically damaged storage devices. However, expert data recovery services could be required for severe physical damage, including a shattered circuit board or disk head.

Can data recovery software retrieve files from a RAID array or NAS device?

Indeed, many software solutions for data recovery support RAID arrays and Network-Attached Storage (NAS) devices. These programs frequently recover data from different NAS systems and RAID configurations, including RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, and RAID 6.

Does data recovery software work on solid-state drives (SSDs)?

Data recovery software is compatible with solid-state drives (SSDs) and can recover deleted or lost files from SSDs in much the same way as traditional hard disk drives (HDDs). However, the recovery process may vary slightly due to differences in how SSDs store and manage data.

Does employing data recovery software carry any risks?

While data recovery software poses minimal risks, improper usage can cause potential risks, such as overwriting the data you’re trying to recover or causing further damage to a physically damaged storage device. To minimize these risks, following proper procedures and guidelines when using data recovery software is essential.

Can data recovery software recover encrypted or password-protected files?

In most cases, data recovery software cannot recover encrypted or password-protected files unless you have the decryption key or password. Encrypted files are typically inaccessible without the correct credentials, even for data recovery software. Therefore, keeping track of encryption keys and passwords is crucial to ensure data recovery success.


Although losing data can be an upsetting and stressful experience, you can improve your chances of finding lost or erased files using appropriate data recovery tools. You can select the data recovery software that best meets your demands by being aware of the several kinds available, their capabilities, and recommended procedures. Remember that prevention is always preferable to treatment, reducing the chance of data loss by implementing regular backups and adhering to best practices.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.